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Essential Borneo



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If this is your first Borneo travel experience, there are some iconic destinations located throughout the country that are simply a must-see for first-time travel to Borneo, which include wildlife sanctuaries and the Danum Valley. If this is your second Borneo holiday or you prefer to get off the beaten path with a Borneo travel guide, explore our Extended Borneo page.

Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary

The largest river in the state of Sabah, the Kinabatangan, accesses some of the world's best wildlife viewing, despite the logging that has occurred along the upper reaches of the river. The mangrove forests next to the river are home to the proboscis monkey, Asian elephant and Sumatran rhinoceros.

Other wildlife that can be found in the area include the long-tailed macaque, gibbon, leaf monkey, sambar deer, bearded pig, hairy-nosed otter, crocodiles, tarsier, slow loris and a wealth of bird life. Take a jungle river cruise for a close-up look at these fantastic creatures.

Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre

Founded in 1964, the Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre was created in order to protect orangutans that had been kept in captivity or made homeless due to logging activity. The apes that are brought here are rehabilitated to forest life, and there are two daily feeding times for them.

Over the years, the center has handled about 80 orangutans and now encompasses 15 square miles. In addition to the orangutans, visitors can see Sumatran rhinos and walk on trails through the rainforest for a close-up look at a diverse world of trees, climbing plants, birds and insects.

Danum Valley

The Danum Valley Field Center sits beside the Segama River and provides facilities for education, research and wilderness recreation in a wonderfully secluded setting more than 12 miles from any other habitation. Founded by the Sabah Foundation and the Royal Society along with a number of private companies, the center is focused on the study of forest regeneration.

Almost all of Borneo's mammals can be found here, 110 distinct species in all, along with 275 species of birds. Visitors can make use of more than 100 miles of walking trails that meander through the valley's secondary rainforest.